Human Rights at Sea adds maritime Rules for the Use of Force to its International Project programme
LONDON. 7 April 2015. HRAS Founder, David Hammond, has included previous work that developed the first international model set of maritime Rules for the Use of Force (RUF) for the international community in the HRAS International Project programme.
The development of recognised and lawful use of force at sea is an area of soft law which has been much needed in the shipping industry to protect crews, vessels and their cargos.
The right to life is often seen as the most important human right (Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948, Article 3 “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”). Until the publication of the 100 Series Rules™ as a independent set of maritime Rules for the Use of Force (RUF) in May 2013, previously, there had been no model benchmark standard against which Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSCs), ship owners, associations and insurers could compare RUF.
The 100 Series Rules™ are recognised around the world as an example of lawful maritime RUF upholding basic human rights. They were conceived by the HRAS Founder and developed alongside the industry, including the International Chamber of Shipping, BIMCO, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Security Association for the Maritime Industry and Lloyds Register over a 3 year period.